Recital 151Administrative fines in Denmark and Estonia
1The legal systems of Denmark and Estonia do not allow for administrative fines as set out in this Regulation. 2The rules on administrative fines may be applied in such a manner that in Denmark the fine is imposed by competent national courts as a criminal penalty and in Estonia the fine is imposed by the supervisory authority in the framework of a misdemeanour procedure, provided that such an application of the rules in those Member States has an equivalent effect to administrative fines imposed by supervisory authorities. 3Therefore the competent national courts should take into account the recommendation by the supervisory authority initiating the fine. 4In any event, the fines imposed should be effective, proportionate and dissuasive.